After Avándaro: the black hole of the mexican rock

Presentation
What most people know of Avándaro is the presence of a semi-nude woman and a musical group that has the disctinction of being promoted as the only heroes of that time. But the Festival of Rock and Wheels of Avándaro in 1971 was much more.

To begin with, it included the generation's best rock musicians of that time in Mexico, the best rock songs were also written in their era

and a community vision existed among the youths that even transcended social classification. The nova star of a generation of Mexicans was divided and repressed by the government's attitude, the conservative society, the lack of juvenile representation and the natural transition from youth to adulthood. That star was now a black hole, the black hole of the mexican rock. These pages hope to give light to this important stage of the music of the 20th century in Mexico.

>1. Introduction
A brief explanation of the reason this page is presented, as well as the main causes that made Mexican rock what is now, a movement with an important part of its past forgotten. One of the objectives of this page is to preserve (up to where the memory and the bibliography reaches) part of this history.

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>2. A piece of history of the Mexican rock

A brief explanation of the birth of rock and roll in Mexico.
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TV show Orfeón a Go Go
>3. There the plague comes (the covers)
From the beginning the groups and soloists were devoted to copying the original songs, producing "covers", "refritos" or "fusiles," some with ingenious lyrics like "La Plaga" by the Teen Tops and "Haciéndote el Amor" by Los Locos del Ritmo.
Some with ingenious lyrics as La plaga of the Teen Tops and Haciéndote el amor of Los Locos del Ritmo.
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Music Cafe Le Chapeau Melon
>4. The music clubs
Today, it is very common to listen to rock anywhere in the country, but at the beginning of the Rock and Roll movement and later, it was an odyssey when you went to a club devoted exclusively to music of young people, interpreted by and for young people.
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>6. The black hole of the Mexican rock
In Mexico a discontinuity existed among several generations of musicians that was captured in a kind of collective amnesia. The new generations ignore what was performed in those years because it cannot be easily found in the record stores, there is little history written on the topic, and videos of TV appearances remain in the vaults.

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>5.The lost groups
Music groups appear and disappear with great frequency, but in the case of Mexican rock this was dictated by government intervention, the attitude of the record companies, the managers dedicated to the music, etc.. This is a brief recount of some of the groups of that time.
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El Hangar Ambulante

Caminata Cerebral from Love Army
"Qué pasó con lo que dijo
ya tan pronto se olvidó
que pasó con las treinta monedas que te dio
porque no te creo lo que dijiste
sé que no es la verdad
lo cierto es que prefiero en mi cerebro caminar
tendré que caminar
Sindicatos y patrones me han bajado la moral
Uh, si me dejo, los calzones también me van a bajar
sí, porque la justicia toma tiempo
yo no puedo esperar
prefiero en mi cerebro caminar
tendré que caminar"...

>9. The repression
The repression against the musicians was terrible (although there have always been many obstacles in the development of Mexican rock), up until the last part of the 20 century, when the government normalized the conditions for rock's development.
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>11.The old album covers
The album covers have become works of art in some cases.
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>14. Records on the internet
Addresses on the Internet to find the recordings for sale, some of which are very difficult to find. The main labels who are reissuing this music are Denver and Ciruela Eléctrica. One can also go to Mexico City on Saturdays to the Tianguis del Chopo, which is located alongside the railroad station of Buenavista.
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>7. The lyrics
Although the rhythm has been the main reason the youth listen to rock, the lyrics were evolving little by little. They evolved from songs dedicated to girlfriends, parties, cars or rebellion, into more elaborate compositions. In the 1970s the youth began to hear lyrics of great quality, but these are also lost in the black hole.
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>8. The music
A serious point to understand is that the music's quality cannot be judged properly if one doesn't listen. There were many excellent musicians, and groups with extraordinary horn sections (closer to Lobo y Melón, a Mexican "tropical" band, than to Chicago, Electric Flag or Blood Sweat and Tears). It is necessary to hear bands like Bandido, 39.4, Máquina del Sonido, La Tribu, Peace and Love, División del Norte, Tequila, Tinta Blanca, Lucifer, Macho or The Klan, to fully understand the sound of Mexican rock of that time.
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>10. From the black hole to the "funky" hole
And later there was the era of the "funky" hole (hoyo fonqui), in places like Siempre Lo Mismo, El Herraderog, Salón Chicago, Petunias, etc., where Paco Gruexxo and Three Souls in My Mind became famous.
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>12 The heroes of the Mexican rock


José Negrete de Los Locos del Ritmo
In the book of Fernando Aceves, Retratos del Rock Mexicano (Portraits of Mexican Rock), there are small biographies of some of the main players in the "black hole of Mexican rock." Here are the groups, where they played, an appreciation of their musical situation, and what they do today.
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>13. Pictures of festival attendees
Pictures of the young people that attended the concert in mass numbers, and who were attacked in the press almost as traitors to their homeland.
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>15. Bibliography
Some books used in researching this page.
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>16. Other web sides about Avándaro
Avándaro, página by Ray Brazen (en español and english)
Avándaro y Piedra Rodante by Robquero
Pioneros del Rock, page about groups of this era
Historia del Rock Mexicano: el principio de 1955 a 1975, by Robquero
Felipe Maldonado, ex-Peace and Love

Site produced by:


Manuel Martínez Peláez
maph49@terra.com.mx
Entre em contato!

Translation to the english by Ray Brazen

Thank's Ray!

Avándaro's groups
Dug Dug's, El Epílogo, División del Norte, Tequila with Maricela, Peace and Love, El Ritual, Tinta Blanca, Bandido, Los Yaki with Mayita Campos, El Amor y Three Souls in my Mind