the black hole of the mexican rock
| A part of the early
history of Mexican rock (a more complete history in: The
beginning (1955-1975). Gallery of some Mexican groups of
1960 at 1965 here.
The Black Jeans, later
the Camisas Negras and the first and unique LP
|According to those
who know about rock in Mexico, its history began when the Black
Jeans, formed by Casar (Costa) Roel, Diego de Cossio, Juan Manuel
Cossio, Javier de la Cueva and Carlos Loftus; released a single
in 1960 on the Peerless label with two songs: "La Batalla
de Jericó" y "La Cucaracha."
on they hispanicized the name to Camisas Negras and an LP was
released. The exit of Cesar Costa to become a soloist was the
end of the group, which disintegrated with its members leaving
to other formations. But some bands like Pepe y sus Locos del
Ritmo were founded in 1958, integrated initially by Antonio de
la Villa, José Negrete, Alberto Figueroa, Alvaro González
and Pepe del Río; they won the competition of "The
Fan's International Hour" on Mexican television Channel
2 , thanks in part to the cheerleaders, who were captained by
Luis "Palillo" Rodríguez, leader of the football
team Pumas de la Universidad. TThe first prize was a trip to
New York to compete on Ted Mack's show where they finished in
Pepe y sus Locos del Ritmo
December of 1958 and January of 1959 an LP was recorded for Dimsa,
but its release was delayed until 1960, when it had been proven
that rock and roll was good business. By then they were simply
called Los Locos del Ritmo and
comprised of Toño de la Villa, Jesus González,
José Negrete, Rafael Acosta and Alvaro González,
plus invited musicians like Alberto Figueroa and "The Doctor".
This recording was the beginning of a music by kids for kids,
for in previous years, "rock" songs had been sung by
pop singers such as Gloria Ríos, who covered "El
Relojito," "Hotel de Corazones Rotos" y "La
Mecedora," all Spanish-language covers of songs recorded
by Elvis Presley and Bill Haley and the Comets.
Gloria Ríos, singer and vedette
the popular orchestras interpreted "the new rhythm",
and thusly we had the Pablo Beltrán Ruiz Ochestra recording
a song called "Mexican Rock and Roll" and others that
sounded more like jive than rock and roll, like Mario Patrón
and its Group, comic groups as The Xochimilcas and dances interpreted
by Agustín Lara, Luis Aguilar, Eulalio "Piporro"
González and Pedro Vargas in the movie Los Chiflados del
Rock and Roll.
it says on the back cover of the first Los Locos del Ritmo LP:
"In Mexico, although there was good intention of interesting
the public and the Mexican youth in the performances of Mexican
artists, a group or performer specializing in rock was never
really cultivated. Today, after some years of effervescent victory
of rock in United States, Dimsa Records presents practically
the first group of specialists in Rock and Roll in Mexico, formed
by five young experts of today's more resonant successes and
followers of the North American scene. With five voices, two
electric guitars and a very uncommon rhythmic style, they are
the firmest ramparts in Los Locos del Ritmo, the first authentic
rock and roll group in Mexico."
Mexican Rock and Roll from Pablo Beltrán Ruiz, the first record
using this words
Cover from the first LP from Los Locos
|Los Locos del
Ritmo recorded 12 songs for their first album, of which six were
original compositions, another was a cover of "La Cucaracha,"
and five were arrangements of North American songs. On their
second LP in 1961, there were six originals and six adaptations.
In 1962 the third album, based on the twist, the new "rhythm
in fashion," came out. Recorded in Venezuela, it included
a foreign song, "La Cucaracha Twist," and "La
Bamba Twist," as well as "Voy a Buscarte," their
own composition. In 1963, their fourth recording had 11 covers
and just one original song. From there they became mostly a covers
group, like all the other rock and roll groups in Mexico.
|One of the causes
was the death of their singer, Antonio de la Villa, at just 21
years of age. His voice made "Tus Ojos," a Rafael Acosta
composition, and "Yo No Soy Un Rebelde" (written by
Jesús González) classics of the first era of Mexican
rock and of a good part of the 20th century up to the dawn of
the new millennium.